Female Reproductive Organ


The female body.

A phenomenon surrounded by myths and misinformation. The discrimination against women has seeped into the understanding of women’s bodies as well. Even though there is information readily available on it, learning about it has become shameful.

But you must know what your body is like and how it works. Your body is your responsibility. Don’t let ignorance ruin your connection with it.

The female body is not complicated at all. We hear the word ‘vagina’ a lot but that is not the only female reproductive organ. There are many reproductive organs or organs that help to reproduce children.

The four vital female reproductive organs are:

  • Vagina
  • two ovaries
  • two Fallopian tubes
  • uterus

 Let’s work our way into the female body.

The outer part which is situated between the woman’s legs is the vulva. The vulva is the covering of the organ we know as the vagina. The vaginal opening and walls are expandable. Vagina has three main purposes, birthing a child (birth canal), releasing period blood, and penetrative sexual intercourse.

You may have noticed a fleshy zone over the vaginal opening. This is Mons pubis. It works as protection. The opening is covered by skin flaps. These two flaps are called labia or vagina lips.

Our pee canal or urethra is situated in between. The labia are connected to a highly sensitive organ. We call this clitoris.

The vaginal opening has a thin partial covering called the hymen. Hymens can become torn during the first vaginal intercourse. Some women’s hymen doesn’t get stretched. Unlike popular belief, the hymen doesn’t indicate virginity as it differs from woman to woman.

After the vagina, there’s the cervix which connects the vagina and the uterus. The cervix opening is narrow but expands during childbirth.

The uterus or the womb is made of strong muscles and has thick walls. The uterus sheds blood every month which we call period. The uterine muscles are expandable and contractible. It stretches itself for the developing fetus.

Furthermore, the uterus has two Fallopian tubes on two sides which are partially connected to the ovaries. The tubes are extremely narrow.

The two ovaries are extremely important to the female reproductive system. They produce hormones (estrogen, progesterone) and mature the egg. Women are born with all of their eggs. Each month one egg is matured and released which enters the uterus through the Fallopian tubes.

Once the mature egg enters the tubes, it wants to be fertilized by a sperm. If it doesn’t, it loses its functions and enters the uterus as function-less cells. This is why the thick uterine lining starts shedding after two weeks and causes our period.

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